What is Type 1 Diabetes (T1D)?

A diabetes diagnosis can come as quite a surprise, especially if you are unfamiliar with the disease. While the cause of T1D is unknown, your doctor and diabetes educator will help you understand the symptoms and behaviors of T1D so you can adjust and live normally.


Frequently asked questions

What is type 1 diabetes (T1D)?

Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is the most common form of diabetes to occur in individuals under age 40. T1D is not caused from eating too much sugar. It results from the immune system attacking the beta cells of the pancreas, causing a lack of insulin production. There are genetic risk factors for T1D, and it tends to run in families.

What is insulin?

Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas. It is used to convert sugar from the carbohydrates you eat into energy that can be used by your body. Insulin also helps control blood sugar so that it doesn't get too high or too low. In people with type 1 diabetes (T1D), the pancreas does not produce insulin, and so it must be given by injection.

What is a "honeymoon" period?

The honeymoon period usually happens in the first year after initial diagnosis of diabetes. It is a time when insulin requirements go down, and blood sugar is more easily controlled. This is due to the fact that the beta cells recover a slight amount of activity. The honeymoon period for children can last anywhere from weeks to months. This period of recovery will eventually come to an end, so you must be vigilant with blood glucose checks and report to the diabetes care team when it has passed.

Where can I find diabetes education resources?

There are a wealth of resources available for teaching patients about their own diabetes at all stages of life. There are also resources for teaching parents and caregivers involved in the child's life. You can find resources across the web, including JDRF.org and their social outreach division Type 1 Nation. You may also find helpful information on the American Diabetes Association's website. You can find our clinic's education resources on the Forms and Handouts page.